AIS Conference during the 24th IJF in Cavallino (IT)
(International Youth Festival)
of the Italian Esperanto Youth
which will take place from April 19 to April 25, 2000,
in Cavallino near Venice,
the AIS (International Academy of the Sciences) San Marino
will hold its 7th Italian Summer School.
AIS classes will be integrated into the IJF's program.
All registered IJF participants are entitled to
attending the classes without extra fees.
The festival's general topic is
Ĉu esti aŭ ne esti Eŭropano
(To Be or not to Be European)
Visit the IEJ's
to get more information
or for online registration.
(all lectures in Eperanto / Internacia Lingvo)
Is language known before birth or is it learned?
From the Greeks over St. Augustine to Chomsky and further...
Throughout the documented history of linguistic studies
two theories opposed each other:
One stating that the ability to speak was instrinsic to humans
and that all languages were identical on a "low level";
the other saying that the ability to speak a language was learned
by infants during their first few years.
Many have worked on this subject, including several unsuspicious saints,
still the problem has not been solved yet.
Are there cultural or geographic aspects to computer programming?
It may seem to be the least nationalized of occupations;
after all, computers speak "neutral" languages such as
FORTRAN, ALGOL, Pascal, Eifel, C, Java, HTML, etc.
("etc" is not a language, to the author's knowledge).
European Aspects of Computer Programming
This course, however, intends to show to which degree
computer programming is less closely related to machines
than to humans, their minds, thinking, and philosophy.
In a way it is even an expression of the human personality
and so, at least theoretically, can have artistic aspects.
So it is not surprising that it is influenced by culture,
and that the question of (non-) European-ness arises.
Who does not believe that human languages influence programming
may know that even an Esperanto-based programming language has
So we approach the question: To which degree is Esperanto European...
but let's leave this question to a separate lecture.
Nationalism in Europe
Definition of state, nation, nationalism
-- from agricultural to industrial society
-- how nationalism can exploit culture in a centralized state
-- nationality and representative government;
examples from social democracy
-- states and ethnic minorities after the end of World War I;
Wilson and Zamenhof
-- nationalization of the masses: the Italian example
-- spoken language as a vehicle of natioalism
-- linguistic affiliation: Kafka and the linguistic environment in Prague.